A headmaster of an American academy in Cuba worked with an American priest to obtain exit visas and fly Cuban children to the US where they would be housed by foster families and orphanages until their parents could join them or the situation improved in Cuba. Between 1960 and 1963, 14,008 unaccompanied Cuban children came to the US. They were dubbed "Pedro Pan" (Peter Pan) children by a news reporter. Only 50% of the children were met by families at the airport in Miami. 10% never reunited with their families again.
Some of the Cuban children came to an orphanage in Marquette where I live. I found out about this because I was researching our orphanage for a potential story. I've made contact with the last American orphan to live in the orphanage (which was transitioned to an administrative support building in the mid-60's) who is still friends with some of the Cuban boys with which he made friends. I'm excited to meet with him tomorrow. I hope to complete the primary and secondary research and begin writing soon.
You might have heard references to Operation Pedro Pan in relation to the Haitian orphans. Catholic social services in Miami offered to relocate Haitian orphans using the OPP model. However, the Haitian government decided they did not want to pursue this fearing it would be too traumatic for orphans to leave their country.
If you have information about Operation Pedro Pan, Holy Family Orphanage in Marquette, MI, or any other related topics of interest to this project, please contact me. Thank you!